Unsafe small clinics cause new human immunodeficiency virus outbreaks in Pakistan

The new outbreak of HIV was due to a failed healthcare system, including reuse of syringes and unsafe blood transfusion” Khan et al (2019).

Abstract:

In Pakistan new human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection cases have been increasing rapidly for last three decades. In 2017 the number of HIV-positive cases was recorded as 150,000, to which 21,000 new cases were added in 2018 [1]. According to UNAIDS, the province of Sindh alone accounts for 50% of the positive cases of HIV in Pakistan. Additionally, in early 2019 a new outbreak of HIV was faced in a city in Sindh [2]. The new outbreak of HIV was due to a failed healthcare system, including reuse of syringes and unsafe blood transfusion.

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Reference:

Khan, B.A., Cheng, L., Khan, A.A. and Ahmed, H. (2019) Unsafe small clinics cause new human immunodeficiency virus outbreaks in Pakistan. The Journal of Hospital Infection. October 10th. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jhin.2019.10.003. .

Safety IV catheter