Introduction: Hemorrhage is the leading cause of preventable death in pediatric trauma patients. Timely blood administration is associated with improved outcomes in children and adults. This study aimed to identify delays to transfusion and improve the time to blood administration among injured children.
Methods: A multidisciplinary team identified three activities associated with blood transfusion delays during the acute resuscitation of injured children. To address delays related to these activities, we relocated the storage of un-crossmatched blood to the emergency department (ED), created and disseminated an intravenous access algorithm, and established a nursing educator role for resuscitations. We performed comparative and regression analyses to identify the impact of these factors on the timeliness and likelihood of blood administration.
Results: From January 2017 to June 2021, we treated 2159 injured children and adolescents in the resuscitation area, 54 (2.5%) of whom received blood products in the ED. After placing a blood storage refrigerator in the ED, we observed a centerline change that lowered the adjusted time-to-blood administration to 17 minutes (SD 11), reducing the time-to-blood administration by 11 minutes (β = -11.0, 95% CI = -22.0 to -0.9). The likelihood of blood administration was not changed after placement of the blood refrigerator. We observed no reduction in time following the implementation of the intravenous access algorithm or a nursing educator.
Conclusions: Relocation of un-crossmatched blood storage to the ED decreased the time to blood transfusion. This system-based intervention should be considered a strategy for reducing delays in transfusion in time-critical settings.Reference:
Sullivan TM, Milestone ZP, Alberto EC, Waibel EM, Gestrich-Thompson WV, Tempel PE, Fritzeen JL, O’Connell KJ, Cheng J, Burd RS. Reducing the Time to Blood Administration after Pediatric Injury: A Quality Improvement Initiative. Pediatr Qual Saf. 2022 Jun 14;7(3):e563. doi: 10.1097/pq9.0000000000000563. PMID: 35720867; PMCID: PMC9197352.