Background: Adequate pain control and anxiety relief during peripheral intravenous cannula (PIV) placement improves patient, parental, and staff satisfaction and reduces health care-induced stress in children. We noted a low rate of analgesic/anxiolysis use (<20%) and child life utilization (3%) in our institution. This quality improvement project was initiated to increase pain mitigation strategies in hospitalized children requiring PIV access.
Methods: From November 2020 to March 2021, we created a key driver diagram and summarized possible interventions with the aim to increase our use of pain control strategies to >40% and child life utilization to 25%. For 12 months, 8 Plan-Do-Study-Act cycles were conducted focusing on nursing education and training, improved documentation, electronic medical record optimization, easy access to analgesics and anxiolytics, family involvement, and weekly huddles. Our primary measure was the percentage use of pain medications for PIV access. The utilization of PIV experts from the ICU (advanced practice registered nurses and physicians) served as the balancing measure.
Results: A total of 883 patient charts were reviewed. The use of topical anesthetics and anxiolytics increased from 16.2% at baseline to 78.9% after the implementation of the quality improvement project. Eighty percent of parents reported their child was kept comfortable during the procedure using pain mitigation and comfort measures. A slight increase from 2% to 5.8% was noted in the utilization of advanced practice registered nurses and intensivists.
Conclusions: Implementation of a standardized approach for PIV placement improved team communication and provided better preparation for pain control before needle insertions in hospitalized children.Reference:
Monk S, Luthi D, Eads J, Gannon C, Henrekin L, Croland T, Kendhari H, Shen S, Tripathi S, Shaikh N. Poke Plan: An Initiative to Improve Distraction and Pain Mitigation With Venous Access in Hospitalized Children. Hosp Pediatr. 2023 Nov 20:e2023007113. doi: 10.1542/hpeds.2023-007113. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37981871.