This study was intended to determine the characteristics of Medical Related Pressure Injury (MDRPI) in adult intensive care patients. MDRIs are recognized as significant and complex health problems among hospitalized patients. Underestimated true scale of the problem is evident because the systematic clinical evaluation of MDRPI occurrence is not part of routine skin assessment among intensive care patients. A prospective approach was used to obtain data of MDRPIs with two weeks follow up to monitor the prevention and treatment strategies. Participants were 329 adult patients from three large referral and teaching centres in Jordan. Data were collected using a screening form that included demographic and clinical characteristics, and a list of medical devices. The primary outcome for this study was MDRPI and defined as a pressure injury (PI) found on the skin or mucous membrane with a medical device in use at the location of the injury (EPUAP, 2019). The patients with MDRPI were followed up for 2 weeks for prevention and treatment strategies. Prevalence of MDRPI was 5.01% (15/299) with 41 injuries, 27/41 (65.8%) were skin injuries and 14/41(34.2%) were mucosal. Most mucous membrane MDRPIs were at mouth/lips and caused by ET tube and meatal orifice caused by foley catheter. Skin MDRPIs were at the nose and caused by NG tube and hands by peripheral intravenous line and arms caused by blood pressure cuff. Inadequate prevention was provided on daily care as only 177 prevention and treatment interventions were provided over 2 weeks for 15 patients. As a growing problem among Jordanian adults in intensive care, MDRPI required the need for effective prevention. About one-thirds of MDRPIs were mucosal, a finding not previously reported, indicating the need to include mucous membrane assessment with skin assessment when a medical device such as NG and ET tubes or foley catheters are in use. Prevention and treatment interventions provided to patients with MDRPIs were not systematic and based on routine care with no clear guidelines. A consensus has yet to be reached suggesting the need to establish effective prevention strategies for medical device-related pressure injuries. Future research is recommended to follow up MDRPI prevention and treatment strategies among patients in ICU. We suggest to continue studying the prevalence of MDRPIs and monitoring the location, prevention and treatment of both skin and mucosal MDRPIs.Reference:
Saleh MYN, Ibrahim EIM. Prevalence, severity, and characteristics of medical device related pressure injuries in adult intensive care patients: A prospective observational study. Int Wound J. 2022 May 18. doi: 10.1111/iwj.13845. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35584799.