Pediatric CVC tip location protocol
Central venous access devices are routinely used in pediatric care for administration of fluids and medications and for drawing blood samples. The adoption of ultrasound guided venipuncture, the availability of bedside ultrasound devices and the use of intraprocedural methods for tip location have been shown to reduce procedure-related complications, as documented by the recommendations of most recent guidelines. In pediatric patients, bedside ultrasound is a promising tool not only for optimizing the choice of the vein and guiding the venipuncture, but also for ensuring an accurate and intraprocedural method of tip navigation and tip location. The aim of this paper is to review all the evidence about the accuracy of ultrasound methods for tip navigation and tip location in pediatric patients, and to suggest a structured protocol for clinical practice.
Zito Marinosci G, Biasucci DG, Barone G, D’Andrea V, Elisei D, Iacobone E, La Greca A, Pittiruti M. ECHOTIP-Ped: A structured protocol for ultrasound-based tip navigation and tip location during placement of central venous access devices in pediatric patients. J Vasc Access. 2021 Jul 13:11297298211031391. doi: 10.1177/11297298211031391. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34256613.