Infusion contamination with silicone oil
The formation of particulates in post-manufacture biopharmaceuticals continues to be a major concern in medical treatment. This study was designed to evaluate the content of micro-sized particles using flow imaging of antibodies in intravenous infusion bags. Intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIG) and Avastin® were selected as model drugs and plastic syringes with and without silicone oil (SO) were used to transfer the drugs into the bags (0.9% saline or 5% dextrose). Antibodies exposed to SO had significantly increased levels of microparticles in both diluents, suggesting SO accelerates particle formation, especially at a higher antibody concentration. Even before the drop stress, their count exceeded the USP guideline. Dropping the bags in the presence of SO produced larger microparticles. Meanwhile, air bubbles were retained longer in saline suggesting more protein film formation on its air-water interface. Overall, both drugs were conformationally stable and produced less particles in dextrose than in saline.
Ah Kim N, Hada S, Jun Kim D, Hyung Choi D, Hoon Jeong S. Off-label use of plastic syringes with silicone oil for intravenous infusion bags of antibodies. Eur J Pharm Biopharm. 2021 Jul 5:S0939-6411(21)00182-X. doi: 10.1016/j.ejpb.2021.07.001. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34237379.