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"There was no difference in 72 h defervescence, microbiological clearance, in-hospital mortality, and 90-day recurrent infection between CVC salvage versus removal" El Boghdadly et al (2021).

MBI-LCBI and CVC salvage

Abstract:

Patients with underlying hematologic malignancy (HM) and/or allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplant (HCT) recipients are at risk for mucosal barrier injury laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) secondary to bacterial translocation. There is sparse data comparing MBI-LCBI management practices, in particular central venous catheter (CVC) salvage versus removal. We created a 22-item poll of Infectious Disease specialists at major US cancer centers on management controversies. Response rate was 44% (31/70). CVC salvage was a common practice among 87.5%. This was followed by a single center retrospective study (2017-2019) comparing outcomes related to CVC practices. We identified 115 patients, 52% (60/115) admitted for chemotherapy and 33% (38/115) for allogeneic HCT. The majority of patients (78%, 90/115) had their CVC removed. There was no difference in 72 h defervescence, microbiological clearance, in-hospital mortality, and 90-day recurrent infection between CVC salvage versus removal. CVC salvage is a safe approach in certain clinical scenarios.


Reference:

El Boghdadly Z, Zhao Q, Koutou J, Lustberg ME, Ludwig M, Liscynesky C, Choe H. Evaluation of central line salvage for mucosal barrier injury laboratory-confirmed bloodstream infection (MBI-LCBI) management practices in patients with hematologic malignancies. Leuk Lymphoma. 2022 Jan 8:1-9. doi: 10.1080/10428194.2021.2020778. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35001802.