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Low versus high chloride content IV solutions – Full Text

"Studies have shown complications of normal saline infusion because of its high-chloride content" Song et al (2021).
Abstract:

Background: Studies have shown complications of normal saline infusion because of its high-chloride content. Therefore, in the present study, we aimed to explore whether the use of low- versus high-chloride solutions benefited the unselected and specifically perioperative patients and was associated with different outcomes.

Methods: Studies on the use of low- versus high-chloride content intravenous solutions for perioperative patients, published up to July 15, 2019, were systematically reviewed, and primary and secondary outcomes were quantitatively summarized.

Results: A total of 14 eligible randomized controlled trials with 943 perioperative patients were included. Five studies reported all-cause mortality, and eight studies provided detailed data on renal replacement therapy (RRT). The pooled result suggested no statistically significant difference in the effect of low- versus high-chloride solutions on all-cause mortality (risk ratio (RR) = 1.39; 95%confidence interval (CI) = 0.23-8.26) and RRT (RR = 1.05; 95%CI = 0.63-1.76). The pooled results on acute kidney injury (AKI) and the use of allogenic blood transfusion (P > 0.05) were similar.

Conclusion: Among specific perioperative patients, the use of low- versus high-chloride content intravenous solutions did not reduce the all-cause mortality, risk of severe AKI, or rate of RRT use. Further large randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm or refute this finding.

Reference:

Song X, Wang H, Liu X, Guo X, Yu B, Zhang N. Low- versus High-Chloride Content Intravenous Solutions for Perioperative Patients: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis. Biomed Res Int. 2021 Jan 2;2021:3571397. doi: 10.1155/2021/3571397. PMID: 33490269; PMCID: PMC7801087.