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"We discuss possible causes of hemothorax in this patient and describe possible factors such as abnormal anatomy of vessels and body habitus contributing to this complication" Chacko et al (2022).
Hemothorax post implantable port insertion

Abstract:

Port-a-Cath also known as a subcutaneous implantable catheter is a common device used in patients undergoing drug infusions. Port-a-Cath placements are widely used among cancer patients who need multiple intravenous infusions with chemotherapeutic agents. The surgical approach to implanting a Port-a-Cath is associated with risks and benefits; however, it may also be associated with serious complications. We describe a rare case of a large right-sided hemothorax following right internal jugular vein cannulation after Port-a-Cath placement. We discuss possible causes of hemothorax in this patient and describe possible factors such as abnormal anatomy of vessels and body habitus contributing to this complication. We also highlight the use of imaging such as ultrasound-guided techniques and the importance of postoperative chest radiographs to screen for possible complications.

Reference:

Chacko A, Kean A, Benoit F, Patel V. A Rare Complication of Internal Jugular Vein Cannulation Following Subcutaneous Implanted Port Placement. Cureus. 2022 May 9;14(5):e24862. doi: 10.7759/cureus.24862. PMID: 35702478; PMCID: PMC9177219.