Continuous infusion medication review
What is known and objective: Hospitalized paediatric patients are three times more likely to experience medication errors with the potential to cause harm, when they are compared to adults. The lack of research in paediatrics, difficulties that are derived as indications and the parameters of safety and effectiveness of pharmacological therapy in children. To analyse whether the technical and legal aspects of the package insert for medicines used in paediatric intensive care units (ICU) using a continuous infusion (CI) pump corroborate the recommendations of clinical protocols and legal provisions.
Methods: A documentary study, in which technical and legal information contained in the package inserts of medications commonly used via CI in neopediatric ICUs was analysed. The consultation of the medication package insert was carried out through the electronic portal of the National Health Surveillance Agency (Agência Nacional de Vigilância Sanitária – ANVISA). Information on the use of medications in the neonatal and paediatric populations via CI was sought in the medication package insert. To analyse the legal aspects, ANVISA’s RDC no. 47/2009 was used. In order to compare the technical information, the Micromedex NeoFax®, Micromedex Paediatrics®, and Lexicomp® databases were consulted.
Results and discussion: Of the 13 medications analysed, 46% (n = 6) had some non-compliance with RDC 47/2009. Only 46% (n = 6) of the medications are indicated for paediatric use and only the medication package insert for midazolam (7.7%) contained the information considered essential for use via CI in paediatrics.
What is new and conclusion: This is an innovative study that identifies the weaknesses of the medication package inserts for medications used by CI in paediatric ICUs. Failure to comply with legal recommendations can make medication administration difficult and increase the probability that errors will occur; and the absence of specific technical information can make care difficult and compromise patient safety. It is important that there is supervision by regulatory agencies and the contribution of health professionals so that non-conformities are reported and corrected, to guarantee safe care for paediatric patients in intensive care.
de Paiva AM, Tinoco MS, Veloso JC, Gonçalves MO, Fontes JS, Baldoni AO. Medications used in paediatric intensive care by continuous infusion: Do the technical aspects of the package inserts corroborate scientific evidence? J Clin Pharm Ther. 2022 May 20. doi: 10.1111/jcpt.13680. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35596237.