Hemodialysis tunneled catheter CRBSI in older persons
Background: The use of a tunneled catheter as the primary vascular access among old hemodialysis patients is frequent. Catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) is a common complication, associated with increased mortality. Data regarding the clinical presentation and outcomes of CRBSI among old hemodialysis patients is limited.
Methods: All chronic hemodialysis patients hospitalized between 2010 and 2022 with CRBSI were included. Patients were classified into two groups: old adults (≥ 75) and younger patients. Clinical, microbiological, and outcome data were collected and analyzed.
Results: One hundred and fifty-four patients with CRBSI were identified. Fifty-seven were aged ≥ 75 years. Mean age in the older and younger groups was 81.2 ± 5 and 59.7 ± 12.7, respectively. Male gender was predominant (64%). Charlson comorbidity score and Pitt bacteremia score were comparable among both groups. Norton score < 14 was more common among old persons (n = 24, 67% versus n = 21, 31%, p < 0.001), as well as nursing-home residence. Gram-negative pathogens and Staphylococcus aureus were common in both groups. The frequency of inappropriate empirical antimicrobial treatment was higher among older persons. Overall, in-hospital and 90-day mortality was high (age ≥ 75, 36.8%, age < 75, 24.7%, p = 0.14). Age was not significantly associated with mortality after adjustment for low Norton score, residence, and inappropriate antimicrobial therapy as well as resistance patterns of bloodstream isolates .
Conclusions: Clinical characteristics and outcomes of CRBSI were comparable among old and young hemodialysis patients. However, the high mortality rate in this cohort suggests that the use of tunneled catheters as a permanent vascular access should be discouraged in both patient groups.
Bnaya A, Schwartz Y, Wolfovitz Barchad O, Atrash J, Bar-Meir M, Shavit L, Ben-Chetrit E. Clinical presentation and outcome of hemodialysis tunneled catheter-related bloodstream infection in older persons. Eur Geriatr Med. 2023 Sep 15. doi: 10.1007/s41999-023-00861-3. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37713092.