PURPOSE: Combined video modeling (VM) and video feedback (VF) may be more beneficial than traditional feedback when teaching procedural skills. This study examined whether repeated VM and VF compared with VM alone reduced the time required for medical students to perform peripheral intravenous (IV) cannulation.
METHODS: Twenty-five novice medical students were randomly assigned to groups in a one-way blinded embedded mixed-methods study to perform IV cannulation. Participants received standardized instruction and performed IV cannulation on each other while being audio-video recorded. They were assigned to review a video of an expert performing IV cannulation (VM alone), or both the expert video and a video of their own most recent IV cannulation (VM+VF), before returning to perform another IV cannulation. This was repeated for a total of four IV cannulation encounters and three video reviews. A post-test interview was also conducted and analyzed qualitatively using thematic content analysis.
RESULTS: The median time required to perform IV cannulation in the final encounter was significantly different between the VM+VF group vs VM alone group (126 [93-226] sec vs 345 [131-537] sec, respectively; median difference, 111 sec; 95% confidence interval, 8 to 391; P = 0.02). There was no significant difference in IV cannulation success between VM alone and VM+VF in the final encounter (75% vs 85% respectively; P = 0.65). For the VM+VF group, the time to perform IV cannulation was reduced after the final encounter compared with the baseline encounter (P = 0.002), which was not true of the VM alone group (P = 0.35).
CONCLUSION: Video modeling and feedback shortened time to IV skill completion, reduced complications, and improved satisfaction in novice medical students.Reference:
Yu, J., Lo, C., Madampage, C., Bajwa, J., O’Brien, J., Olszynski, P. and Lucy, M. (2020) Video Modeling and Video Feedback to Reduce Time to Perform Intravenous Cannulation in Medical Students: A Randomized-Controlled Mixed-Methods Study. Canadian Journal of Anaesthesia. January 22nd. doi: 10.1007/s12630-020-01570-2. (Epub ahead of print).