Wireless handheld ultrasound for vascular access
Background: Rapid evolution of ultrasound technology has allowed widespread use of handheld ultrasound devices (HHUDs) for many possible applications. Along with the adult population, the use of HHUDs for Point of Care Ultrasound (POCUS) in pediatric medicine has been increasing over the last few years. However, pediatric-specific literature is still scarce on mobile vascular ultrasound.
Objective: To evaluate diagnostic capabilities of Vscan Air™ in comparison with high-end ultrasound for the assessment of the internal jugular vein in children and adolescents.
Methods: 42 Internal Jugular Veins (IJVs) of 21 pediatric patients were scanned by an experienced examiner using a WLAN-supported handheld ultrasound device (Vscan Air™) and high-end cart-based ultrasound (LOGIQ E9) as reference. B-Mode and Color-coded Doppler (CCDS) were performed and compared. Image quality was assessed using a score of 0 to 5 and statistically analyzed. Results were interpreted independently by two readers in consensus.
Results: 21 patients (2-17 years; mean 11,00±4,5 years; female n = 11, male n = 10) were examined. The rating score never dropped below 3 for both devices. The median score evaluation of B-Mode and CCDS for the high-end device was 5.00, of Vscan Air™ 5.00 for B-Mode and 4.00 for CCDS. A significant difference was shown between the two devices in the evaluation of CCDS.
Conclusions: Vscan Air™ ultrasound device allows sufficient assessability of the IJV in pediatric patients, opening up new possibilities for fast and mobile POCUS of cervical veins and potential guidance of central venous catheter placement.
Greiner B, Kaiser U, Maurer K, Stroszczynski C, Jung EM. Wireless handheld ultrasound for internal jugular vein assessment in pediatric patients. Clin Hemorheol Microcirc. 2023 Nov 17. doi: 10.3233/CH-231981. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37980654.