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"Radiographic fluoroscopy requires structural and personnel infrastructure and exposes the patient to ionizing radiation. Here, we investigate the feasibility of solely ultrasound-guided placement of tunneled central venous dialysis catheters (USCVCs)" Kächele et al (2023).
Ultrasound-guided tunneled hemodialysis catheters

Abstract:

Introduction: Radiographic fluoroscopy is the current standard for placement of tunneled central venous catheters (CVCs) for hemodialysis. Radiographic fluoroscopy requires structural and personnel infrastructure and exposes the patient to ionizing radiation. Here, we investigate the feasibility of solely ultrasound-guided placement of tunneled central venous dialysis catheters (USCVCs).

Methods: We evaluated prospectively collected single-center data regarding safety and catheter function of 134 consecutive patients who underwent USCVC implantation between 2020 and 2021. We used the inset guidewire to visualize the position of the catheter tip. In the case of inadequate visibility by ultrasound, we used intracardiac electrocardiography (ECG) recording or agitated saline. A total of 1844 catheter days were assessed. The optimal CVC position was defined as being within the upper right atrium (URA) and middle to deep right atrium.

Results: Of the 134 USCVCs, 87% were placed on the right side. The primary success rate for optimal tip position and catheter function was 98%. Of the USCVCs, 97% were placed solely by ultrasound. Regarding positioning, 6% were in the vena cava superior zone, 70% in the URA and 24% in the middle to deep right atrium, resulting in a rate of 94% with optimal positioning. Effective blood flow averaged 292 ± 39 ml/min. There were no immediate procedure-associated complications.

Conclusion: Placement of CVC for hemodialysis solely by ultrasound is an effective alternative to fluoroscopy-assisted placement.

Reference:

Kächele M, Bettac L, Hofmann C, Herrmann H, Brandt A, Schröppel B, Schulte-Kemna L. Feasibility Analysis of Ultrasound-Guided Placement of Tunneled Hemodialysis Catheters. Kidney Int Rep. 2023 Aug 11;8(10):2001-2007. doi: 10.1016/j.ekir.2023.07.038. PMID: 37849990; PMCID: PMC10577359.