Background: Placing a peripheral vein catheter can be challenging due to several factors, but using ultrasound as guidance increases the success rate. The purpose of this review is to investigate the knowledge already existing within the field of education in ultrasound-guided peripheral vein catheter placement and explore the efficacy and clinical impact of different types of education.
Methods: In accordance with PRISMA-guidelines, a systematic search was performed using three databases (PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL). Two reviewers screened titles and abstracts, subsequently full-text of the relevant articles. The risk of bias was assessed using the Cochrane Collaboration risk of bias assessment tool and the New Ottawa scale.
Results: Of 3409 identified publications, 64 were included. The studies were different in target learners, study design, assessment tools, and outcome measures, which made direct comparison difficult. The studies addressed a possible effect of mastery learning and found e-learning and didactic classroom teaching to be equally effective.
Conclusion: Current studies suggest a potential benefit of ultrasound guided USG-PVC training on success rate, procedure time, cannulation attempts, and reducing the need for subsequent CVC or PICC in adult patients. An assessment tool with proven validity of evidence to ensure competence exists and education strategies like mastery learning, e-learning, and the usage of color Doppler show promising results, but an evidence-based USG-PVC-placement training program using these strategies combined is still warranted.Reference:
Jørgensen R, Laursen CB, Konge L, Pietersen PI. Education in the placement of ultrasound-guided peripheral venous catheters: a systematic review. Scand J Trauma Resusc Emerg Med. 2021 Jun 27;29(1):83. doi: 10.1186/s13049-021-00897-z. PMID: 34176508; PMCID: PMC8237454.