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"The formalin-embalmed cadaver can be a readily available and effective learning tool for medical education programs seeking to provide training opportunities in ultrasound-guided clinical procedures" Loveless et al (2022).
Ultrasound guided vascular access training in medical schools

Abstract:

This brief report examines the feasibility of using formalin-embalmed cadavers in training medical students to use ultrasound guidance to access the subclavian. This novel educational approach is discussed in the context of the ongoing integration of point-of-care ultrasound training into medical education. Additionally, this report explores how cadavers can provide practical, effective, and hands-on skills training opportunities for medical students to learn to perform common clinical procedures under ultrasound guidance.

Design: This report presents subjective and objective data evaluating the utility of teaching medical students to perform ultrasound-guided subclavian vein access on formalin-embalmed cadavers.

Setting: Rocky Vista University College of Osteopathic Medicine in Ivins, UT.

Subjects: Twenty-five first-year medical students at Rocky Vista University.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and main results: Pre and posttraining questionnaires were administered to assess each participant’s self-confidence in using ultrasonography to access the subclavian vein of a cadaver. A statistically significant increase in participant self-confidence was observed across all questionnaire items from pre to posttraining. Objective evaluation consisted of a supervised skills test. Participants were evaluated on their ability to visualize the subclavian vein with ultrasound and achieve flashback of blood/embalming fluid into a syringe. During skills testing, the number of needle sticks and the time taken to achieve flashback were recorded for each participant. Twenty-three of the 25 participants were able to successfully complete the skills testing assessment.

Conclusions: The formalin-embalmed cadaver can be a readily available and effective learning tool for medical education programs seeking to provide training opportunities in ultrasound-guided clinical procedures. The use of cadavers allows learners to train in a low stress and anatomically authentic environment without risk of patient discomfort.

Reference:

Loveless BA, Muir MW, Limov AL, Fritsch AR, Thomas RJ, Yancey TJ, Skidmore CJ, Zapata I, Nigh AD, Mason NL. Advancing Point-of-Care Ultrasound Training in Medical Schools: Ultrasound-Guided Subclavian Vein Access Training Using Formalin-Embalmed Cadavers. Crit Care Explor. 2022 Apr 25;4(4):e0680. doi: 10.1097/CCE.0000000000000680. PMID: 35492259; PMCID: PMC9042585.