Ultrasound guided axillary central venous cannulation
Background: Despite its potential advantages, ultrasound-guided cannulation of the axillary vein in the infraclavicular area is still rarely used as an alternative to other techniques. There are few large series demonstrating the safety and feasibility of this approach.
Methods: Retrospective analysis of data on patients undergoing ultrasound-guided, long-axis, in-plane infraclavicular axillary vein cannulation for the incidence of complications and the failure rate from two secondary-care hospitals.
Results: The analysis included 710 successful attempts of axillary vein long-axis, in-plane, US-guided cannulation, and 24 (3.3%) failed attempts. We recorded a 96.7% success rate with an overall incidence of complications of 13%, mainly malposition (8.1%). There was one case of pneumothorax (0.14%), five cases of arterial puncture (0.7%), and two cases of brachial plexus injury.
Conclusions: The US-guided axillary central venous cannulation (CVC) access technique can be undertaken successfully in patients, even in challenging circumstances. Taken together with existing work on the utility and safety of this technique, we suggest that it should be adopted more widely in clinical practice.
Kosiński S, Podsiadło P, Stachowicz J, Mikiewicz M, Serafinowicz Z, Łukasiewicz K, Mendrala K, Darocha T. Ultrasound-guided, long-axis, in-plane, infraclavicular axillary vein cannulation: A 6-year experience. J Vasc Access. 2021 Nov 2:11297298211054629. doi: 10.1177/11297298211054629. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34727764.