Venous thromboembolism (VTE) can have a significant impact on the management, quality of life and mortality of patients with cancer. VTE occurs in 5-20% of patients with cancer, and malignancy is associated with up to 25% of all VTE. It is the second leading cause of death in ambulatory patients with cancer who are receiving chemotherapy. Increased rates of cancer-associated thrombosis are attributed to improved patient survival, increased awareness, surgery, antineoplastic treatments and the use of central venous access devices. Many factors influence cancer-associated thrombosis risk and are broadly categorized into patient-related, cancer-related and treatment-related risks. Direct-acting oral anticoagulants have shown themselves to be at least as effective in preventing recurrent VTE in patients with cancer with symptomatic and incidental VTE. This has led to a change in treatment paradigms so that direct-acting oral anticoagulants are now considered first-line agents in appropriately selected patients. In this article, we review the prior and recent landmark studies that have directed the treatment of cancer-associated thrombosis, and discuss specific factors that affect management as well as future treatment considerations.Reference:
Ramcharitar RK, Man L, Khaja MS, Barnett ME, Sharma A. A Review of the Past, Present and Future of Cancer-associated Thrombosis Management. Heart Int. 2022 Aug 23;16(2):117-123. doi: 10.17925/HI.2022.16.2.117. PMID: 36721704; PMCID: PMC9870322.