Children with complex diseases often need central venous catheter, not only for intraoperative use, but also for parenteral nutrition, multiple blood draw due to lab examination and to administer drugs that cannot be given via peripheral lines. Whereas the landmark driven vascular access was teached for years, nowadays the routine use of ultrasound based techniques can be called the gold standard. This article highlights standard locations for central venous access like cannulation of the internal jugular vein as well as novel alternatives such as the cannulation of the brachiocephalic vein. The correct insertion depth of central lines is essential to avoid serious complications. Several different formulas are available and can be used. Independent of the used formula, you have to make sure that complications due to incorrect depth of central venous line are a topic of the past. Finally, important tips and tricks to avoid failure and serious complications are discussed.
Schindler E, Mikus M, Velten M. Gefäßzugänge bei Kindern: Technik, Komplikationen und Fallstricke beim zentralen Venenkatheter . Anasthesiol Intensivmed Notfallmed Schmerzther. 2021 Jan;56(1):60-68. German. doi: 10.1055/a-1187-5397. Epub 2021 Jan 7. PMID: 33412604.