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Seasonality of peripheral IV catheter-related bloodstream infections

"This study investigated the seasonality of PV-CRBSI and its relationship with meteorological conditions" Nakamura et al (2021).

Abstract:

Introduction: Although the seasonality of infectious diseases has been widely reported, the seasonality of peripheral venous catheter-related bloodstream infection (PV-CRBSI) has not been investigated. This study investigated the seasonality of PV-CRBSI and its relationship with meteorological conditions.

Methods: A retrospective cohort study of PV-CRBSI at Tokyo Medical University Hospital (Tokyo, Japan), from 2009 to 2019, provided the data for descriptive and time series analyses used to evaluate the number of PV-CRBSI cases per 1000 admissions that occurred each month for each causative organism. By performing univariate and multivariate analyses, the researchers investigated the seasonality of cases and the relationships between meteorological conditions, other external factors, and PV-CRBSIs.

Results: This study included a total of 184 PV-CRBSI cases. The mean numbers of PV-CRBSI cases per 1000 admissions caused by all organisms, Bacillus cereus, Gram-positive cocci, and Gram-negative rods were 0.67, 0.15, 0.37, and 0.16 per month, respectively, during the study period. The time series analysis showed that the incidences of PV-CRBSI cases associated with B. cereus and Gram-negative rods were significantly different in the winter/spring from those in the summer/autumn (P < 0.05). The incidence of PV-CRBSI cases caused by B. cereus peaked during summer. The incidence of PV-CRBSI cases caused by B. cereus was significantly positively associated with average monthly temperature, whereas the incidence of PV-CRBSIs caused by Gram-negative rods was significantly negatively associated with average daylight hours.

Conclusion: The incidence of PV-CRBSIs caused by B. cereus showed seasonality, peaking during the summer, and a significant correlation was found between PV-CRBSIs caused by B. cereus and average monthly temperature.

Reference:

Nakamura I, Takahashi H, Sakagami-Tsuchiya M, Machida M, Sato S, Watanabe Y, Fujita H, Kobayashi T, Fukushima S, Watanabe H. The Seasonality of Peripheral Venous Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infections. Infect Dis Ther. 2021 Feb 6. doi: 10.1007/s40121-021-00407-9. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33548036.