Purpose: Totally implantable venous access devices (TIVADs) currently have an important place in medical oncology practice; however, their long-term availability deserves further investigation, since they are usually required by patients for prolonged periods. This study aimed to evaluate long-term availability of TIVADs in adult cancer patients, in conjunction with complication/removal rates over time and associated risk factors during 7-year follow-up.
Methods: A total of 204 adult cancer patients who underwent TIVAD placement via subclavian vein using the Seldinger technique were included in this study. Medical data and catheter follow-up records were investigated retrospectively. Complications and port removals due to complications were evaluated over time.
Results: During median 21.9 (range, 0.7-82.9) months of follow-up, great majority of the patients did not require catheter removal due to complications (91.7%). During a total follow-up of 183,328 catheter days, 20 (9.8%) patients had complications with an incidence of 0.109 cases per 1000 catheter days and 18 (8.8%) of them required TIVAD removal (0.098 cases per 1000 catheter days). Most device removals due to complications (15/18, 83.3%) occurred within the first 24 months. Multivariate analysis identified left-sided device location as the only significant independent predictor of short device availability (OR, 3.5 [95% CI, 1.1-11.1], p = 0.036).
Conclusion: TIVADs in cancer patients appear to be safe and their availability appears to be high in the long term. A decision for early removal might be revisited. Opting for the accustomed side (right side in the present study) for implantations seems to be associated with better outcomes.
Tumay LV, Guner OS. Availability of totally implantable venous access devices in cancer patients is high in the long term: a seven-year follow-up study. Support Care Cancer. 2020 Nov 5. doi: 10.1007/s00520-020-05871-6. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 33155092.