TIVAP-related infection was confirmed in nearly one out of two cases of life-threatening sepsis in patients in whom it has been removed” Lecronier et al (2018).
Background: While no data support this practice, international guidelines recommend the removal of totally implanted venous access ports (TIVAPs) in patients with suspicion of TIVAP-related bloodstream infection admitted in the intensive care unit (ICU) for a life-threatening sepsis.
Methods: During this multicenter, retrospective and observational study, we included all patients admitted in five ICU for a life-threatening sepsis in whom a TIVAP was removed between January 2012 and December 2014. We aimed (1) at determining the proportion of confirmed TIVAP-related infections and (2) at assessing short- and long-term survival of patients with and without TIVAP-related infections.
Results: One hundred and fifty-one patients (58 ± 14 years, 62% males) were included between 2012 and 2014. TIVAP-related infections were confirmed in 68 patients (45%). Demographic characteristics were similar between patients with and without TIVAP-related infections. SOFA score on admission per point increase and local signs of infection were significantly associated with TIVAP-related infection. Patients with TIVAP-related infection had lower ICU and 6-month mortality as compared to their counterparts (9 vs. 40%, respectively, p < 0.01; and 50 vs. 66%, respectively, p = 0.04). TIVAP-related infection was significantly associated with ICU survival .
Conclusions: TIVAP-related infection was confirmed in nearly one out of two cases of life-threatening sepsis in patients in whom it has been removed. TIVAP-related infection was associated with a good prognosis, as compared to patients with other causes of infection.
Lecronier, M., Valade, S., Bigé, N., de Prost, N., Roux, D., Lebeaux, D., Maury, E., Azoulay, E., Demoule, A. and Dres, M. (2018) Removal of totally implanted venous access ports for suspected infection in the intensive care unit: a multicenter observational study. Annals of Intensive Care. 8, p.41.