Quality of life and home parenteral nutrition
Home parenteral nutrition (HPN) may be needed as a long-term therapy for patients with chronic intestinal failure whose clinical condition does not allow complete weaning of the PN solution. HPN is a time-consuming and clinically complex therapy and can negatively affect quality of life (QOL). The level of dependency on HPN, specifically, infusion frequency has been proposed as a factor that may have an effect on QOL in patients receiving HPN. The primary aim of this qualitative review is to identify the impact of HPN frequency (days per week of HPN infusion) on QOL measurements in adult patients receiving HPN. A comprehensive literature search was completed in PubMed and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL) databases. Primary clinical research studies were included if they were conducted in adult patients receiving HPN and included the assessment of the associations between the frequency of HPN infusion and QOL measurements. Six articles ultimately met the criteria for this review. There was variability among the studies, including use of different tools to measure QOL. However, all six studies suggest that a reduction in HPN frequency may be associated with an improvement in QOL. Whenever patients’ clinical situation allows, a reduction in HPN frequency should be considered to improve QOL in patients receiving HPN.
Stanner H, Zelig R, Rigassio Radler D. Impact of infusion frequency on quality of life in patients receiving home parenteral nutrition. JPEN J Parenter Enteral Nutr. 2021 Dec 23. doi: 10.1002/jpen.2317. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 34942020.