Potential efficacy of garlic IV lock therapy in combating biofilm formation

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Is to estimate the potential use of fresh garlic extract (FGE) as a lock agent against multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria” Farrag et al (2019).

Abstract:

BACKGROUND: Life-threatening central venous catheter-related infections are primarily initiated by biofilm formation on the catheter surface. Antibiotic lock therapy is recommended for eradicating intraluminal biofilm. In the era of antibiotic resistance, antibiotics of natural origins provide an effective and cheap option for combating resistant strains. Garlic especially stole the spotlight because of its impressive antimicrobial effectiveness against such superbugs.

AIM: Is to estimate the potential use of fresh garlic extract (FGE) as a lock agent against multi-drug resistant (MDR) bacteria.

METHODS: The agar well diffusion and broth microdilution techniques were employed to test the antimicrobial activities of FGE against five MDR strains; E. coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), Klebsiella pneumoniae (K. pneumoniae), Serratia marscens (S. marscens) and Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Then the protective and therapeutic efficiencies of FGE against bacterial biofilms were in-vitro evaluated; at concentrations of 100, 75, 50 and 25%; in tissue culture plate (TCP) and on the polyurethane (PU) sheets using the crystal violet (CV) assay and colony-forming unit (CFU), respectively. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was also used to confirm eradication of biofilms on PU sheets. Finally, systemic and deep tissue infections by P. aeruginosa and MRSA were induced in mice that were then treated by FGE at either 100 or 200 mg/kg for seven days. Where the antibacterial activity was assessed by tissue and blood culturing at the end of the treatment period. Biochemical, hematological and histological parameters were also investigated.

RESULTS: FGE exhibited potent in-vitro and in-vivo antibacterial and antibiofilm activities against MDR strains. It not only didn’t exhibit toxicological effects at the hematological and the histological levels but also provided protective effects as demonstrated by the significant drop in the biochemical parameters.

CONCLUSION: FGE has the potential to be used as a prophylactic and/or therapeutic lock agent against biofilm-associated infections caused by MDR bacteria.

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Reference:

Farrag, H.A., Hosny, A.E.M.S., Hawas, A.M., Hagras, S.A.A. and Helmy, O.M. (2019) Potential efficacy of garlic lock therapy in combating biofilm and catheter-associated infections; experimental studies on an animal model with focus on toxicological aspects. Saudi Pharmaceutical Journal. 27(6), p.830-840. doi: 10.1016/j.jsps.2019.05.004.

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