Pneumomastia as a complication of peripheral intravenous line placement – Full Text

"On exclusion of other possible causes for the same, it was concluded that the air in the breast tissue was secondary to a peripheral intravenous line placement" Paulraj et al (2020).
Abstract:

Air in the breast tissue (pneumomastia) is a rare finding, more so without any history of procedures on the breast. We report the case of an 80-year-old lady who was found to have foci of gas in her right breast on a CT scan. On exclusion of other possible causes for the same, it was concluded that the air in the breast tissue was secondary to a peripheral intravenous line placement. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of pneumomastia as a complication of peripheral intravenous line placement.

Reference:

Paulraj, S., Ashok Kumar, P., Sekhon, N. and Gambhir, H. (2020) Air in the Breast: A Rare Cause of Iatrogenic Pneumomastia. Cureus. 12(6), p.e8447. https://doi.org/10.7759/cureus.8447

Safety IV catheter