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"We present the case of a 63-year-old male with an extensive medical history, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT), who underwent peripheral insertion of a central catheter in his left upper extremity with subsequent development of left upper extremity edema" Russell et al (2022).
Vein spasm secondary to PICC placement

Abstract:

Vascular spasm is well known and studied in the arterial system. There are only a few cases reported related to central venous spasms. We present the case of a 63-year-old male with an extensive medical history, including deep vein thrombosis (DVT), who underwent peripheral insertion of a central catheter in his left upper extremity with subsequent development of left upper extremity edema. The central catheter was removed before the patient underwent a contrast-enhanced computed tomography of the chest which revealed severe narrowing of the left brachiocephalic vein, consistent with venospasm in the clinical setting. Nitroglycerin might be useful to prevent vasospasm, or it might also be used for treatment. In our case, the catheter was removed, and no subsequent treatment was necessary.

Reference:

Russell S, Chamberlin JH, Burt JR, Kabakus IM. A Case Report of Brachiocephalic Vein Spasm Secondary to Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter. Cureus. 2022 Jul 19;14(7):e27037. doi: 10.7759/cureus.27037. PMID: 35989840; PMCID: PMC9388257.