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"We performed a survey in Austria and Germany to assess the use of UVCs and PICCs in preterm infants with a birth weight < 1250 g and associated rates of catheter-related adverse events" Hess et al (2022).
PICC use in preterm infants

Abstract:

Background and objective: Umbilical venous catheters (UVC) and peripherally inserted central catheters (PICC) are commonly used in preterm infants but have been associated with a number of serious complications. We performed a survey in Austria and Germany to assess the use of UVCs and PICCs in preterm infants with a birth weight < 1250 g and associated rates of catheter-related adverse events.

Methods: Electronic survey of participating centers of the NeoVitaA trial. Main outcome parameter was the reported rates of UVC- and PICC-associated complications (infection, thrombosis, emboli, organ injury, arrhythmia, dislocation, miscellaneous).

Results: In total, 20 neonatal intensive care units (NICU) providing maximal intensive care in Austria and Germany (level I) were contacted, with a senior neonatologist response rate of 12/20 (60%). The reported rates for UVC with a dwell time of 1-10 days were bacterial infection: 4.2 ± 3.4% (range 0-10%); thrombosis: 7.3 ± 7.1% (0-20%); emboli: 0.9 ± 2.0% (0-5%); organ injury: 1.1 ± 1.9% (0-5%); cardiac arrhythmia: 2.2 ± 2.5% (0-5%); and dislocation: 5.4 ± 8.7% (0-30%); and for PICCs with a dwell time of 1-14 days bacterial infection: 15.0 ± 3.4% (range 2.5-30%); thrombosis; 4.3 ± 3.5% (0-10%); emboli: 0.8 ± 1.6% (0-5%); organ injury: 1.5 ± 2.3% (0-5%); cardiac arrhythmia: 1.5 ± 2.3% (0-5%), and dislocation: 8.5 ± 4.6% (0-30%).

Conclusion: The catheter-related complication rates reported in this survey differed between UVCs and PICCs and were higher than those reported in the literature. To generate more reliable data on this clinically important issue, we plan to perform a large prospective multicenter randomized controlled trial investigating the non-inferiority of a prolonged UVC dwell time (up to 10 days) against the early change (up to 5 days) to a PICC.

Reference:

Hess S, Poryo M, Böttger R, Franz A, Klotz D, Linnemann K, Ott T, Pöschl J, Schroth M, Stein A, Ralser E, Reutter H, Thome UH, Wieg C, Ehrlich A, Ruckes C, Wagenpfeil S, Zemlin M, Papan C, Simon A, Bay J, Meyer S. Umbilical venous catheter- and peripherally inserted central catheter-associated complications in preterm infants with birth weight < 1250 g : Results from a survey in Austria and Germany. Wien Med Wochenschr. 2022 Aug 8. English. doi: 10.1007/s10354-022-00952-z. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35939216.