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"Nearly one in five PICCs were removed within five days. Patients whose primary team was in an ICU and PICCs ordered on weekends were at independently higher risk of early removal" Shen et al (2022).
Early PICC removal rates

Abstract:

Background: Use of PICCs has been rising since 2001. They are used when long-term intravenous access is needed and for blood draws in patients with difficult venous access.

Objective: To determine which risk factors contribute to inappropriate PICC line insertion defined as removal of a PICC within five days of insertion for reasons other than a PICC complication.

Design: Retrospective, observational study.

Setting: Tertiary-care, Level 1 trauma center.

Patients: Adult patients with a PICC removed 1/1/2017 to 5/4/2020.

Measurements: Frequency of PICC removal within five days of insertion and associated risk factors for early removal.

Results: Between 1/1/2017 and 5/4/2020, 995 of 5348 PICCs inserted by the IV nursing team were removed within five days (19%). In 2017, 5 of 429 PICCs developed a central line-associated infection (1.2%) and 29 of 429 PICCs developed symptomatic venous thromboembolism (6.7%). Patients with PICCs whose primary service was in an ICU were independently at higher risk of early removal (OR 1.44, 95% CI 1.14, 1.83); weekday insertion was independently associated with a lower likelihood of early removal compared to weekend insertion (OR 0.60; 95% CI 0.49, 0.75).

Limitation: PICC removal after discharge was not assessed and paper records were likely incomplete and biased.

Conclusion: Nearly one in five PICCs were removed within five days. Patients whose primary team was in an ICU and PICCs ordered on weekends were at independently higher risk of early removal.

Reference:

Shen BH, Mahoney L, Molino J, Mermel LA. Risk factors for early PICC removal: A retrospective study of adult inpatients at an academic medical center. PLoS One. 2022 Jul 8;17(7):e0264245. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0264245. PMID: 35802673.