PICC-related VTE in cancer patients
Purpose: A peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) is associated with venous thromboembolism (VTE) especially in patients suffering from cancer. We analyzed the incidence, risk factors, and patterns of PICC-related VTE in cancer patients.
Patients and methods: Patients with cancer who underwent PICC placement were evaluated retrospectively. Routine, prospective ultrasound post-PICC placement was used for asymptomatic and symptomatic patients to identify VTE. Multivariable logistic regression models with odds ratios (ORs) were used to examine VTE risk factors.
Results: Of 2353 PICCs placed, 165 patients (7.01%) developed PICC-related VTE with a median thrombosis time of 12 days. After adjustment of multivariable analysis, patients with PICC-related VTE were more likely to have a ratio of PICC diameter:vein diameter >0.35 (adjusted OR, 1.689; 95% CI, 1.023-2.789) and high level of triglycerides (1.561; 1.096-2.223). The prevalence of A (adjusted OR, 1.680; 95% CI, 1.009-2.798), B (1.835; 1.137-2.961), and AB (3.275; 1.840-5.829) blood group was significantly higher than that of the O blood group in VTE patients. Venous recanalization was observed in 44.8% (74/165) patients after anticoagulation therapy, and more often in patients with combined deep VTE than in patients with isolated superficial VTE (OR, 17.942; 95% CI, 5.427-59.316). The recanalization time was 20±5 (range, 10-31) days.
Conclusion: The non-O blood group, larger ratio of PICC diameter:vein diameter, and high level of triglycerides were significantly associated with PICC-related VTE. Almost half of cases of PICC-related deep VTE could be reversed by anticoagulation treatment.
Li X, Wang G, Yan K, Yin S, Wang H, Wang Y, Bai X, Shen Y. The Incidence, Risk Factors, and Patterns of Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter-Related Venous Thrombosis in Cancer Patients Followed Up by Ultrasound. Cancer Manag Res. 2021 Jun 1;13:4329-4340. doi: 10.2147/CMAR.S301458. PMID: 34103988; PMCID: PMC8179741.