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"To evaluate the accuracy and stability of arterial blood gas (ABG) results by comparison with venous measurements from routine blood tests, and to compare the accuracy and performance of two sampling syringes, pre-heparinized syringe (PHS) and disposable arterial blood syringe (DABS), in ABG analysis" Zhao et al (2022).
Blood sampling methods in blood gas analysis

Abstract:

Background: To evaluate the accuracy and stability of arterial blood gas (ABG) results by comparison with venous measurements from routine blood tests, and to compare the accuracy and performance of two sampling syringes, pre-heparinized syringe (PHS) and disposable arterial blood syringe (DABS), in ABG analysis.

Methods: We retrospectively analyzed the practical use of PHS and DABS in collecting ABG samples, involving 500 and 400 patients, respectively. For each patient, in addition to the ABG sample, a venous blood sample was also collected using a venous blood collection tube (VBCT) and used for routine blood tests. Accordingly, patients were referred to as the PHS + VBCT group and DABS + VBCT group. The correlation between arterial and venous values of each blood parameter in each group was evaluated using the interclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Bland-Altman was performed to evaluate the agreement between arterial and venous values and compare the performance of PHS and DABS in ABG sample collection.

Results: In the PHS + VBCT group, arterial K+ , Na+ , hemoglobin (Hb), and hematocrit (HCT) were 0.32 mmol/L, 2.90 mmol/L, 2.21 g/L, and 1.27% significantly lower their corresponding venous values while arterial Cl- was 7.60 mmol/L significantly higher than venous Cl- . In the DABS + VBCT group, arterial K+ and Na+ were 0.20 mmol/L and 1.19 mmol/L significantly lower while Cl- and HCT in arterial blood were 5.34 mmol/L and 0.66% significantly higher than their corresponding venous values. In both groups, arterial K+ , Na+ , Hb, and HCT values were highly consistent with their corresponding venous values, with all ICCs greater than 0.70, especially Hb and HCT. Bland-Altman analysis demonstrated that arterial K+ and Na+ were more consistent with venous counterparts in the DABS + VBCT group, with a narrower 95% limits of agreement than the PHS + VBCT group (K+ , -0.7-0.3 mmol/L vs. -1.1 to 0.5 mmol/L; Na+ , -5.8 to 3.4 mmol/L vs. -8.2 to 2.4 mmol/L).

Conclusion: Arterial blood gas analysis of K+ , Na+ , Hb, and HCT using PHS or DABS for blood sampling is accurate and stable, especially DABS, which can provide clinicians with fast and reliable blood gas results.

Reference:

Zhao X, Liu T, Huang M, Li R, Zeng J, Li Y, Fu R, Li X, Jiang W. Accuracy and stability evaluation of different blood sampling methods in blood gas analysis in emergency patients: A retrospective study. J Clin Lab Anal. 2022 Oct 17:e24736. doi: 10.1002/jcla.24736. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36250221.