To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of vancomycin in patients in the initial phase of septic shock” Katip et al (2016).
OBJECTIVE: To characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) of vancomycin in patients in the initial phase of septic shock.
METHODS: Twelve patients with septic shock received an intravenous infusion of vancomycin 30 mg/kg over 2 h. The vancomycin PK study was conducted during the first 12 h of the regimen. Serum vancomycin concentration-time data were analyzed using the standard model-independent analysis and the compartment model.
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RESULTS: For the noncompartment analysis the mean values ± standard deviation (SD) of the estimated clearance and volume of distribution of vancomycin at steady state were 6.05±1.06 L/h and 78.73±21.78 L, respectively. For the compartmental analysis, the majority of vancomycin concentration-time profiles were best described by a two-compartment PK model. Thus, the two-compartmental first-order elimination model was used for the analysis. The mean ± SD of the total clearance (3.70±1.25 L/h) of vancomycin was higher than that obtained from patients without septic shock. In contrast, the volume of the central compartment (8.34±4.36 L) and volume of peripheral compartment (30.99±7.84 L) did not increase when compared with patients without septic shock.
CONCLUSION: The total clearance of vancomycin was increased in septic shock patients. However, the volume of the central compartment and peripheral compartment did not increase. Consequently, a loading dose of vancomycin should be considered in all patients with septic shock.
Katip, W., Jaruratanasirikul, S., Pattharachayakul, S., Wongpoowarak, W., Jitsurong, A. and Lucksiri, A. (2016) The pharmacokinetics of vancomycin during the initial loading dose in patients with septic shock. Infection and Drug Resistance. November 22nd. 9, p.253-260. eCollection 2016.
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