“In conclusion, PIVC is a common procedure for hospitalized pediatric patients. The failure rate of PIVC in the infant group is higher than that in other age groups. The success rate is positively associated with the seniority of the operators, and the failure rate will increase with lack of sustained practice. A near-infrared light device (Vein Viewer®) can increase the success rate of difficult PIVC.” Reference:
Chen JY. Peripheral intravenous cannulation in infants and children. Pediatr Neonatol. 2022 Dec 16:S1875-9572(22)00262-5. doi: 10.1016/j.pedneo.2022.12.001. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36564310.