Long peripheral cannula in COVID-19 patients
Background: In the daily management of peripheral venous access, the health emergency linked to the COVID-19 pandemic led to re-examining the criteria for choosing, positioning and maintaining the different types of peripheral venous access.
Objectives: This study aimed to observe the dwell time of long peripheral cannula (LPC, also known as mini-midline) in patients affected by COVID 19 related pneumonia. The secondary objective is to study any complications due to mini-midline insertion.
Materials and methods: We conducted a prospective observational study on COVID19 patients who arrived at our Semi-Intensive Respiratory Unit from territorial ED between January and April 2021, to whom were positioned an LPC at the time of admission following the SIPUA protocol (Safe Insertion of Peripheral Ultrasound-guided Access). We used Vygon™ Leader-Cath© 18G in polyethylene and 8 cm long catheter.
Results: We enrolled 53 consecutive patients, reaching 769 catheter days. The procedure was performed without immediate complications in 37 patients out of 53 (69.8%). In 14 patients (26.4%), we observed a local hematoma (no one led to a failure or early removal of the device) and in two patients (3.7%) was not possible to draw blood. The average catheter dwell time was 14.5 days, from 3 to 41 days. In 42 patients (79.2%), the device was removed at the end of use. In 11 patients out of 53 (20.8%), the device was removed early due to complications: seven accidental removals, one obstruction, two vein thrombosis, and one superficial thrombophlebitis.
Conclusions: The ultrasound-guided implantation of an 18G LPC in COVID19 patients, regardless of the state of their venous heritage, would seem to be an excellent strategy for these patients, reducing the number of venipunctures and CVC implantation, as well as allowing multiple and high pressure (contrast) infusions.
Gilardi E, Grandi T, Giannuzzi R, Valletta F, Fugger S, Mazzaroppi S, Petrucci M, Piano A, Piccioni A, WoldeSellasie K, Sambuco F, Travaglino F. Long peripheral cannula in COVID-19 patients: 769 catheter days experience from a semi-intensive respiratory COVID unit. J Vasc Access. 2022 Sep 5:11297298221115002. doi: 10.1177/11297298221115002. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36065094.