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"This narrative review reports on the burden of difficult venous access situations and discusses the evidence, and strengths and limitations of vascular access options to help address this challenge" Little et al (2022).
DIVA – difficult intravenous access

Abstract:

Introduction: Timely placement of vascular access devices is critical during emergent clinical situations; however, challenges in peripheral access can be a common occurrence. Historically, emergency teams have used various approaches to gain peripheral vascular access in situations where traditional means were not feasible; these options have included peripheral venous cutdown, ultrasound-guided peripheral intravenous catheters (PIVs), longer PIVs, central catheters, and intraosseous devices. Each of these options have associated strengths and limitations depending on the clinical situation.

Areas covered: This narrative review reports on the burden of difficult venous access situations and discusses the evidence, and strengths and limitations of vascular access options to help address this challenge. Although first puncture success rates can be high when using alternative methods, significant challenges can include increased procedure time and greater risk of complications. The Easy-Internal Jugular (Easy-IJ) technique is a newer alternative option for patients with difficult venous access that is demonstrated to be safe and effective in emergency care.

Expert opinion: Moving forward, additional clinical studies are required to fully characterize the outcomes associated with the Easy-IJ technique and guidewire-assisted intravenous catheters, as well as to inform guideline development for more comprehensive recommendations on managing challenging or difficult peripheral access situations.

Reference:

Little A, Jones DG, Alsbrooks K. A narrative review of historic and current approaches for patients with difficult venous access: considerations for the emergency department. Expert Rev Med Devices. 2022 Jul 3:1-9. doi: 10.1080/17434440.2022.2095904. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35786122.