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"Data regarding outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) with continuous infusion of meropenem (CIM) remain scarce and controversial. We aimed to analyze its outcomes" Dubois-Silva et al (2023).

Abstract:

Abstract:

Introduction: Data regarding outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy (OPAT) with continuous infusion of meropenem (CIM) remain scarce and controversial. We aimed to analyze its outcomes.

Methods: We conducted a retrospective analysis of a cohort of patients who received OPAT with CIM during a three-year period at a single center in northwest Spain. Demographics, clinical data and OPAT outcomes were recorded.

Results: Since January 2017-December 2019, 34 patients received 35 OPAT episodes with CIM. The median age was 75 years, and 18 (51.4%) had a Charlson comorbidity index>2. Twelve (34.3%) had respiratory infection, 11 (31.4%) urinary tract infection, and 12 (34.3%) other infections. Twenty-one (60%) received a dose of 6g/day, and 27 (77.1%) received combined antibiotic therapy. The duration of OPAT with CIM was 10 median days. Pseudomonas aeruginosa was the most frequently (34.3%) isolated microorganism and 10 (28.6%) infections were polymicrobial. During OPAT and hospital at home unit admission, 4 (11.4%) patients had any adverse reaction that required CIM withdrawal, 2 (5.7%) were readmitted, and 3 (8.8%) died (2 infection-related deaths). After 30 days from discharge 6 (18.8%) of 32 not-censored patients had unplanned readmissions (2 infection-related), 6 (18.8%) developed recurrence (3 relapses, 3 reinfections) and 1 (3.1%) died (none-infection-related death). Twenty-three (71.9%) of these 32 patients did not experience unplanned readmission, recurrence or death.

Conclusion: CIM can be an option to be administrated in OPAT programs in selected patients. Further studies are warranted to increase evidence regarding its use, and to externally validate our findings.


Reference:

Dubois-Silva Á, Otero-Plaza L, Dopico-Santamariña L, Mozo-Ríos A, Hermida-Porto L, Feal-Cortizas B, García-Queiruga M, Pértega-Díaz S, Lamelo-Alfonsín F, Vidán-Martínez L. Outpatient parenteral antimicrobial therapy with continuous infusion of meropenem: A retrospective analysis of three years of clinical experience. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2023 Jan 5:S2529-993X(22)00309-4. doi: 10.1016/j.eimce.2021.11.012. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36610829.