BACKGROUND: Foot ulcers are high-morbidity and debilitating complications of diabetes mellitus, and carry significantly increased rates of associated major amputations. They contribute to significantly worse quality of life. Osteomyelitis is a frequent complication of diabetic foot ulcers, since bacteria can contiguously spread from soft tissues to the bone, involving the cortex first and then the bone marrow. Unfortunately, clinically unsuspected osteomyelitis is frequent in persisting diabetic foot ulcers. It is associated with limb amputations and increased mortality. CASE REPORT We describe a 76-year-old man with long-standing insulin-treated type 2 diabetes, who experienced extensively drug-resistant Enterococcus faecalis diabetic foot myositis and osteomyelitis associated with sepsis. He was successfully treated with surgical debridement combined with the administration of teicoplanin plus rifampicin in the outpatient setting, completing, in total, a twelve-week course of antibiotic therapy.
CONCLUSIONS: Clinically unsuspected osteomyelitis in patients with persisting diabetic foot ulcers has been associated with infections from highly resistant bacteria. Early and accurate diagnosis of diabetic foot osteomyelitis, as well as proper therapeutic approach (antimicrobial and surgical), is of great importance to reduce the risk of minor and major amputations, septic shock leading to multiple organ failure, and overall mortality.Reference:
Papaetis GS, Doukanaris PT, Stylianou ES, Neofytou MS. Successful Outpatient Treatment of Severe Diabetic-Foot Myositis and Osteomyelitis Caused by Extensively Drug-Resistant Enterococcus faecalis with Teicoplanin plus Rifampicin: A Case Report. Am J Case Rep. 2023 Nov 1;24:e941337. doi: 10.12659/AJCR.941337. PMID: 37910441.