Our study suggests that M-EDTA-EtOH lock therapy may be an effective intervention to salvage long-term CVCs in the setting of CLABSI/CRBSI and hemodialysis cancer patients with limited vascular access” Hachem et al (2018).
BACKGROUND: The use of long-term central venous catheters (CVCs) could lead to serious bloodstream infections. Removal of the infected CVC and reinsertion of a new CVC are not always feasible and alternative lock therapy may be considered. We conducted a multicenter trial to assess the efficacy and safety of the lock therapy.
METHODS: Between October 2013 and August 2014, we prospectively enrolled 20 patients with catheter-related bloodstream infections (CRBSIs) or central line-associated bloodstream infections (CLABSIs) in our sister institutions in three countries including Brazil, Lebanon, and Japan. The 20 patients who received M-EDTA-EtOH lock therapy were compared to 24 control patients who had their CVCs removed and a new CVC inserted.
RESULTS: Both groups had comparable clinical characteristics. In the lock therapy group, 95% of the patients had microbiological eradication within 96 h after starting lock therapy versus 83% of the patients in the control group (p = .36). In the lock group, the CVC was salvaged and retained for a median of 21 days (range 7-51) from the onset of bacteremia.
CONCLUSION: Our study suggests that M-EDTA-EtOH lock therapy may be an effective intervention to salvage long-term CVCs in the setting of CLABSI/CRBSI and hemodialysis cancer patients with limited vascular access.
Hachem, R., Kanj, S., Hamerschlak, N., Saad, H., Assir, F.F., Mori, N., Jiang, Y., Ghaly, F., Chaftari, A.M. and Raad, I.I. (2018) International experience with minocycline, EDTA and ethanol lock for salvaging of central line associated bloodstream infections. Expert Review of Medical Devices. 15(6), p.461-466.