Meropenem stability for continuous and extended IV infusion
Introduction: Prolonged intravenous infusion of beta-lactams increase the clinical cure rate compared to conventional administration in critical or septic patients. This study aimed to determine chemical stability and physical compatibility of meropenem at conditions used in clinical practice to evaluate the stability of the preparation during its administration and the possibility of anticipated preparation.
Methods: Admixtures in study were: (i) meropenem 6g in 0.9% sodium chloride (NS) in infusor of 2mL/h 50mL or 10mL/h 240mL; (ii) meropenem 1 or 2g in NS in infusion bag of 250mL. Temperatures of study were: (i) infusor: 4.5°C, 32°C or 12h at 4.5°C followed by 32°C; (ii) Infusion bag: 4.5°C, 24.5°C or 6h at 4.5°C followed by 24.5°C. Time of study was 5-6 days in infusor and 1 day in infusion bag. Chemical stability was evaluated by high performance liquid chromatography and physical compatibility by measuring pH and visual inspection.
Results: Chemical stability and physical compatibility of meropenem in admixtures in infusors were reduced at high meropenem concentration and high temperature. Admixtures in infusion bag show chemical stability and physical compatibility for at least 1 day.
Conclusion: Administration of meropenem 6g in infusion of 24h in 240mL of 0.9% NaCl in infusor of 10mL/h could be possible if the admixture is infused at 4.5°C. Extended infusion of meropenem 1 or 2g in 0.9% NaCl in infusion bag (250mL) in 3-4h is also feasible. Anticipated preparation of the admixtures in infusion bag is possible with a stability of 24h.
Giménez-Giner S, Llopis-Alemany A, Porta-Oltra B, Llopis-Salvia P, Climente-Martí M, Martínez-Gómez MA. Chemical stability and physical compatibility of meropenem in admixtures for continuous and extended intravenous infusions. Enferm Infecc Microbiol Clin (Engl Ed). 2023 Jan 25:S2529-993X(23)00023-0. doi: 10.1016/j.eimce.2022.07.010. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36707284.