Intravenous iron is widely used for the treatment of iron deficiency anemia when adherence to oral iron replacement is poor. Acute hypersensitivity reactions during iron infusions are very rare but can be life threatening. Major risk factors for hypersensitivity reactions include a previous reaction to an iron infusion, a fast iron infusion rate, multiple drug allergies, atopic diseases, high serum tryptase levels, asthma, and urticaria. The management of iron infusions requires meticulous observation, and, in the event of an adverse reaction, prompt recognition and severity-related interventions by well-trained medical and nursing staff. Avoidance of IV iron products in patients with iron hypersensitivity reactions may not be considered as a standard practice.Reference:
Caimmi S, Crisafulli G, Franceschini F, Liotti L, Bianchi A, Bottau P, Mori F, Triggiano P, Paglialunga C, Saretta F, Giannetti A, Ricci G, Caffarelli C. Hypersensitivity to Intravenous Iron Preparations. Children (Basel). 2022 Sep 27;9(10):1473. doi: 10.3390/children9101473. PMID: 36291409; PMCID: PMC9600424.