Immunoglobulin infusion rate
The COVID-19 pandemic changed home infusion nursing dramatically by increasing demand for home infusion nurses while decreasing their availability. Home infusion of intravenous immunoglobulin (IVIg) is an option for treatment of numerous conditions and requires considerable infusion time. Use of a higher-concentration IVIg product and shorter escalation increments may decrease required infusion time. The authors conducted a retrospective database analysis that identified 23 patients receiving IVIg before transitioning to a 10% IVIg product with a 15-minute rate escalation protocol (Gammaplex 10% IVIg) and evaluated the total infusion time before and after the transition. Among the 23 who received IVIg, the mean ± SD IVIg dose per dosing cycle before transitioning was 1.2 ± 0.7 g/kg given in 1 to 5 infusions per cycle. The mean ± SD time per infusion was 2.8 ± 0.8 hours before the transition and 2.6 ± 0.7 hours per infusion after the transition. The infusion time decreased after transition in 13 patients (56.5%), did not change in 5 patients (21.7%), and increased in 5 patients (21.7%). Nurse education on IVIg rate escalation may facilitate faster achievement of the maximum safe infusion rate and reduce infusion times. A trial transition to this 10% IVIg product with a 15-minute rate escalation protocol may also reduce infusion times.
Prosser B, Walton TP, Miller C. Reduction of Infusion Time Using a 10% Intravenous Immunoglobulin Formulation With a 15-Minute Rate Escalation Protocol During Staffing Shortages Due to COVID-19. J Infus Nurs. 2022 Nov-Dec 01;45(6):299-305. doi: 10.1097/NAN.0000000000000488. PMID: 36322947.