Objectives: To describe the compliance to the practices of hand hygiene and hub disinfection before manipulation of the central venous catheter in two moments: before and after educational intervention. Adherence to hand hygiene was assessed with two methods: direct observation and video camera.
Methods: Before and after study conducted with the nursing team in an adult intensive care unit, in São Paulo, Brazil, including 180 observations using video cameras and direct observation. Hand hygiene compliance before catheter manipulation and compliance with the correct technique and the hub disinfection for five seconds were observed.
Results: When video cameras recording was observed, hand hygiene compliance increased from 46% to 66% and the use of the proper technique increased from 23% to 46% (p < 0.05). Regarding hub disinfection compliance, no difference was observed between the periods. Hand hygiene compliance in direct observation increased from 83% to 87% and in indirect observation, from 46% to 66% after the intervention.
Conclusion: After the educational intervention, hand hygiene compliance before CVC manipulation and the use of the correct technique improved. When observed indirectly, the adherence to these practices was lower, reinforcing the Hawthorne effect.Reference:
Lobo RD, Oliveira MS, Colella JJ, Silva NDD, Pastore Junior L, Souza RCDS. Assessment of the Hawthorne effect during central venous catheter manipulation. Rev Esc Enferm USP. 2022 Sep 2;56:e20220125. doi: 10.1590/1980-220X-REEUSP-2022-0125en. PMID: 36082984.