Background: Patients may be endangered if new graduate nurses cannot recognize and manage anaphylactic shock. Consequently, enhancing the new graduate nurses’ understanding of their roles and responsibilities during the rescue of a patient with anaphylactic shock is important. However, due to its inherent limitations, traditional classroom-based teaching makes it difficult to explore the potential of the students. Although popular simulation teaching has several notable advantages, it has not been proven to be effective in training inexperienced nurses on anaphylactic shock. We investigated the effect of a standardized patient-based simulation on the behaviors of new graduate nurses’ during anaphylactic shock rescue to identify an effective and safe method for contemporary nursing education.
Methods: Except for the ill or pregnant, all the new graduate nurses were included in the study as students to undergo a standardized patient-based simulation conducted in the clinical skills center of a general hospital. The simulation training was designed to teach students to recognize the signs and symptoms of anaphylactic shock, place the patient in the correct position, stop the ongoing intravenous infusion of the antibiotic which triggers the anaphylactic shock, restart an intravenous infusion on a new infusion apparatus, give 100% oxygen via a nasal cannula or mask, preserve airway patency, call the rapid response team, and correctly administer the medications prescribed by the clinicians. Before and after the training, the instructors evaluated each student’s skills and behaviors using a clinical competency evaluation list. After the training, all students completed the Chinese version of the Simulation Design Scale (SDS) to demonstrate their satisfaction with the program and then participated in semi-structured interviews with their instructors.
Results: All 104 graduate nurses had a significant improvement on the 6 competencies of the clinical competency evaluation list after the simulation training (P < 0.001). The SDS scores revealed that the students were highly satisfied with all the aspects of the simulation training (the 20 satisfaction rates were all above 90.00%). During the semi-structured interviews, most of the new graduate nurses reported that simulation training in the management of anaphylactic shock was critical and would guide them in clinical practice.
Conclusion: Simulation training in anaphylactic shock is a potentially viable and effective method for teaching new graduate nurses to manage clinical incidents.Reference:
Ren Q, Chen F, Zhang H, Tu J, Xu X, Liu C. Effects of a standardized patient-based simulation in anaphylactic shock management for new graduate nurses. BMC Nurs. 2022 Aug 1;21(1):209. doi: 10.1186/s12912-022-00995-y. PMID: 35915450.