Albumin administration rate
Background: We investigated whether plasma volume (PV) expansion of 20% albumin is larger when the fluid is administered rapidly compared with a slow infusion.
Methods: In this open-labeled randomized interventional controlled trial, 12 volunteers (mean age, 28 years) received 3 mL/kg of 20% albumin (approximately 225 mL) over 30 min (fast) and 120 min (slow) in a cross-over fashion. Blood hemoglobin and plasma albumin were measured on 15 occasions during 6 h to estimate the PV expansion and the capillary leakage of albumin and fluid.
Results: The largest PV expansion was 16.1% ± 6.5% (mean ± SD) for fast infusion and 12.8% ± 4.0% for slow infusion (p = 0.52). The median area under the curve for the PV expansion was 69% larger for the fast infusion during the first 2 h (p = 0.034), but was then similar for both infusions. The half-life of the PV expansion did not differ significantly (median, 5.6 h versus 5.4 h, p = 0.345), whereas the intravascular half-life of the excess albumin was 8.0 h for fast infusion and 6.3 h for slow infusion (p = 0.028). The measured urine output was almost three times larger than the infused volume. The plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic peptide (MR-proANP) accelerated the capillary leakage of albumin and the urine flow.
Conclusions: The intravascular persistence of albumin was longer, but the fluid kinetics was the same, when 20% albumin was infused over 30 min compared with 120 min. We found no disadvantages of administering the albumin at the higher rate. Trial registration EU Clinical Trials Register, EudraCT2017-003687-12, registered September 22, 2017, https://www.clinicaltrialsregister.eu/ctr-search/trial/2017-003687-12/SE.iv7
Zdolsek M, Sjöberg F, Hahn RG. Fast versus slow infusion of 20% albumin: a randomized controlled cross-over trial in volunteers. Intensive Care Med Exp. 2022 Jul 18;10(1):31. doi: 10.1186/s40635-022-00458-3. PMID: 35849214; PMCID: PMC9294107.