Introduction: Totally implanted ports (PORTs) have been widely used among patients with malignancy. Cardiac metastasis secondary to bone sarcoma and catheter-related right atrial thrombosis (CRAT) can be both present as cardiac masses. However, these two cardiac masses share very similar imaging characteristics.
Methods: The features, treatments, and outcomes of 5 bone sarcoma pediatric patients with PORTs who suffered from cardiac masses in the right atrium were analyzed. Clinical data and histological characteristics of cardiac masses were also recorded.
Results: Among 928 patients with malignancy and PORTs, 5 bone sarcoma pediatric patients were found to have cardiac masses in the right atrium. The catheter tips were located in the right atrium of 4 patients and the superior vena cava-right atrium junction (CAJ) of 1 patient. Four patients with good response to anti-tumor treatment had received surgical lumpectomies for pathologic identification and mass excision, with cardiac metastases among 1 patient and thromboses among 3 patients. The median time from venous access port implantation to cardiac mass detection for CRAT was 6.3 months (range: 4.7-6.8 months) and to diagnosis of or possible cardiac metastasis was 13.3 months (range: 11.2-15.4 months).
Conclusion: The placement of a catheter tip into the right atrium should be avoided. The time from PORTs implantation to cardiac mass detection might serve as a potential tool to differentiate cardiac metastasis from CRAT. Surgical management may be an effective treatment for bone sarcoma pediatric patients who had good response to anti-tumor treatment and suffered from cardiac masses in the right atrium.Reference:
Zhou C, Wang Y, Chen Z, Qian G, Yu W, Wang Y, Zheng S, Shen Z, Li H, Wang Y. Surgical Management of Cardiac Masses in Right Atrium Among Bone Sarcoma Pediatric Patients With Totally Implanted Ports. Front Oncol. 2022 Jun 16;12:926387. doi: 10.3389/fonc.2022.926387. PMID: 35785166; PMCID: PMC9246414.