Background: Port-A-Cath systems (PCS) are safe and convenient devices for long-term infusion in patients with malignant tumors. This study retrospectively analyzed the complications from PCS and their management.
Methods: Data of 1695 adults (641 males and 1054 females) with malignant tumors who underwent PCS implantation in our center from January 1, 2009 to December 31, 2019 who had complete follow-up records were collected in this study. The early and late complications and corresponding treatments were studied.
Results: A total of 1716 PCSs were implanted; 21 patients underwent 2 implantations each. The success rate was 100% and no severe complications occurred during implantation. The overall occurrence rate of post-implantation complications was 18.5% (318/1716); 5.5% (94/1716) were early complications and 13.0% (224/1716) were late complications. A total of 451 PCSs were removed, of which 398 were removed due to the end of chemotherapy, while 53 were removed because of complications. A total of 4 deaths occurred from these complications.
Conclusions: The incidence of intra- and post-operative complications is low. In most cases, complications can be effectively controlled without the removal of the PCS and regular follow-up and maintenance are critical.Reference:
Li Y, Guo J, Zhang Y, Kong J. Complications from port-a-cath system implantation in adults with malignant tumors: A 10-year single-center retrospective study. J Interv Med. 2021 Dec 9;5(1):15-22. doi: 10.1016/j.jimed.2021.12.002. PMID: 35586285; PMCID: PMC8947993.