“With the implementation of the INICC approach, adherence to HH was significantly increased” Medeiros et al (2015).
Medeiros, E.A., Grinberg, G., Rosenthal, V.D., Angelieri, D.B., Ferreira, I.B., Cechinel, R.B., Zanandrea, B.B., Rohnkohl, C., Regalin, M., Spessatto, J.L., Pasini, R.S. and Ferla, S. (2015) Impact of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) multidimensional hand hygiene approach in 3 cities in Brazil. American Journal of Infection Control. 43(1), p.10–15.
Background: Hand hygiene (HH) is the main tool for cross-infection prevention, but adherence to guidelines is low in limited-resource countries, and there are not available published data from Brazil.
Methods: This is an observational, prospective, interventional, before-and-after study conducted in 4 intensive care units in 4 hospitals, which are members of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC), from June 2006-April 2008. The study was divided into a 3-month baseline period and a follow-up period. A multidimensional HH approach was introduced, which included administrative support, supplies availability, education and training, reminders in the workplace, process surveillance, and performance feedback. Health care workers were observed for HH practices in each intensive care unit during randomly selected 30-minute periods.
Results: We recorded 4,837 opportunities for HH, with an overall HH compliance that increased from 27%-58% (P < .01). Multivariate analysis showed that some variables were associated with poor HH compliance: men versus women (49% vs 38%, P < .001), nurses versus doctors (55% vs 48%, P < .02), among others.
Conclusions: With the implementation of the INICC approach, adherence to HH was significantly increased. Programs should be aimed at improving HH in variables found to be predictors of poor HH compliance.
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