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"CRBSIs caused by Gram-negative bacilli had a tendency to manifest with unusual symptoms such as vomiting or hypotension" Abd El-Hamid El-Kady et al (2021).

Hemodialysis CRBSI organisms

Abstract:

Background: Albeit growing technical advances in the design of hemodialysis catheters, intravascular catheter-related bloodstream infection (CRBSI) still represents an utmost clinical challenge to the health-care workers (HCWs). Data regarding the influence of the culprit organism on the scenario of CRBSI in the literature are extremely lacking. Thereby, this research was carried out.

Methods: We undertook a retrospective cohort study over an interval of 2 years, involving patients who underwent regular hemodialysis via catheters in the Renal Dialysis Unit (RDU) of Dr. Soliman Fakeeh Hospital (DSFH), Jeddah, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The study enrolled 139 patients (56.8% females and 43.2% males), with mean age of 60.79 ± 11.45 years.

Results: The aggregate rate of CRBSI was 5.1/1000 catheter days. Amongst the 139 study candidates confirmed of having CRBSI, while 69.8% of CRBSIs were ascribed to Gram-positive cocci, about one-third of the infectious episodes were secondary to Gram-negative bacilli. Interestingly, fever was the most common presentation of S. aureus CRBSI compared to CoNS and Gram-negative bacilli CRBSIs (20.9% versus 12.9% versus 6.5%, p= 0.0001), whereas CRBSIs due to CoNS were presented mainly with rigors (19.4%). Of note, CRBSIs caused by Gram-negative bacilli had a tendency to manifest with unusual symptoms such as vomiting or hypotension. Besides, they were more prone to involve hospitalization or ICU admission. In this study, no mortality was attributed to CRBSIs.

Conclusion: Our study disclosed that the illicit organism has a repercussion on the clinical presentation as well as the fate of CRBSI among hemodialysis patients. This highlights the worth of identifying the infected cases in a periodic manner, to avoid the occurrence of devastating complications. A large body of work from various hemodialysis centers should take place in the near future so as to provide more insight in this perspective.

Reference:

Abd El-Hamid El-Kady R, Waggas D, AkL A. Microbial Repercussion on Hemodialysis Catheter-Related Bloodstream Infection Outcome: A 2-Year Retrospective Study. Infect Drug Resist. 2021 Oct 1;14:4067-4075. doi: 10.2147/IDR.S333438. PMID: 34621127; PMCID: PMC8491864.