Patients undergoing head and neck free flap reconstruction should be evaluated for radiation-induced venous stenosis and presence of central venous port as a potential risk for flap failure.Reference:
Sandelski MM, Rabbani CC, Moore MG, Sim MW. Flap demise reversed after central venous access device removal: A case report. Clin Case Rep. 2020 May 25;8(9):1631-1634. doi: 10.1002/ccr3.2970. PMID: 32983465; PMCID: PMC7495769.