Vascular Access Conversation - IVUPDATE Podcast from IVTEAM

"We use regular expressions to generate a training data set for a machine learning model and apply this model to the full set of clinical notes and conduct further review to identify safety events of interest. We demonstrate this approach on peripheral intravenous (PIV) infiltrations and extravasations (PIVIEs)" Ozonoff et al (2022).
Infiltration and extravasation machine learning model

Abstract:

Objective: We describe our approach to surveillance of reportable safety events captured in hospital data including free-text clinical notes. We hypothesize that a) some patient safety events are documented only in the clinical notes and not in any other accessible source; and b) large-scale abstraction of event data from clinical notes is feasible.

Materials and methods: We use regular expressions to generate a training data set for a machine learning model and apply this model to the full set of clinical notes and conduct further review to identify safety events of interest. We demonstrate this approach on peripheral intravenous (PIV) infiltrations and extravasations (PIVIEs).

Results: During Phase 1, we collected 21,362 clinical notes, of which 2342 were reviewed. We identified 125 PIV events, of which 44 cases (35%) were not captured by other patient safety systems. During Phase 2, we collected 60,735 clinical notes and identified 440 infiltrate events. Our classifier demonstrated accuracy above 90%.

Conclusion: Our method to identify safety events from the free text of clinical documentation offers a feasible and scalable approach to enhance existing patient safety systems. Expert reviewers, using a machine learning model, can conduct routine surveillance of patient safety events.

Reference:

Ozonoff A, Milliren CE, Fournier K, Welcher J, Landschaft A, Samnaliev M, Saluvan M, Waltzman M, Kimia AA. Electronic surveillance of patient safety events using natural language processing. Health Informatics J. 2022 Oct-Dec;28(4):14604582221132429. doi: 10.1177/14604582221132429. PMID: 36330784.