Difficult intravenous access (DIVA) is common, with imperfect solutions. Cognitive aids are widespread in anaesthesia; however, a standard DIVA cognitive aid is lacking. This article describes a cognitive aid for DIVA. It has been developed using evidence-based techniques for DIVA. The effects of heuristics, biases, and automatic thinking on procedural decision-making are briefly discussed. While often useful, shortcut decision-making can impair the performance of apparently simple tasks. Cognitive aids may lead to better outcomes by providing choice architecture. This resource is intended as a cognitive aid prototype for difficult peripheral venous access, incorporating both modern behavioural psychology principles and evidence-based medicine. It may be used as both an educational tool, or as a cognitive aid to assist in situations where DIVA is encountered or expected. The adult DIVA cognitive aid is intended for use in both elective and emergency scenarios by practitioners adequately trained in ultrasound-guided or ultrasound-assisted vascular access and Seldinger-based techniques. Clinical implementation and audit of the adult DIVA cognitive aid, or similar locally developed cognitive aids based on this prototype are recommended.Reference:
Stagg PL. The Adult Difficult Intravenous Access (DIVA) Cognitive Aid: An Evidence-Based Cognitive Aid Prototype for Difficult Peripheral Venous Access. Cureus. 2023 Apr 4;15(4):e37135. doi: 10.7759/cureus.37135. PMID: 37153329; PMCID: PMC10159796.